Eventually, to punish herself for her behavior, she marries Peter Keating and then Gail Wynand. Francon rises to fame nearly as swiftly as Keating, but he has no real talent of his own.
His unwillingness to compromise his designs in order to satisfy clients eventually forces him to close down the office and take a job at a granite quarry in Connecticut. Wynand asks Roark to design one last building, a skyscraper that will testify to the supremacy of man. He also knows that he could never get approved by Toohey, who is the behind-the-scenes power on the project.
Halsey is not beautiful, but her innocence and sincerity provide Keating with a refuge from himself. Though at a conscious level, Dominique believes he may be an ex-convict like others of the work gang, at some deeper level she knows better.
Dominique agrees to marry Wynand because she thinks he is an even worse person than Keating, but to her surprise, Wynand is a man of principle. Instead, he brings the specifications to Roark.
He shuts down the Banner and commissions a final building from Roark, a skyscraper that will serve as a monument to human achievement. Roark seizes the drawing and marks over it, restoring his original work.
He is an early modernist, one of the first to design skyscrapers and a man of unbending integrity. Cameron was once a renowned architect, but now gets few commissions. Dominique sees him working in the quarry and is struck by his beauty and by the way he approaches his work.
The entire country condemns Roark, but Wynand finally finds the courage to follow his convictions and orders his newspapers to defend him. Keating is good-looking and commercially successful, but he steals his only original ideas from Roark.
He is not concerned with building effectively, but merely with winning adulation from a gaping public. An architect of the so-called "International Style," which rejects the blind following of traditional schools for barren, flat-topped structures devoid of any logical plan.
Toohey, who writes a popular architecture column in the Banner, is an outspoken socialist who shapes public opinion through his column and a circle of influential associates. Wynand wishes to build a home in the country as an isolated fortress, so he will not have to see Dominique among the people of the city.
Therefore, the only choice, as Dominique sees it, is to kill off in herself her capacity for hero worship. One of the more prominent commissions he receives prior to his relationship with Wynand is for the Monadnock Valley Resort.
Peter Keating, one of the favorite students at the school, frequently persuades Roark to help him with his assignments. Toohey and several architects including Keating testify at the trial that Roark is incompetent as an architect due to his rejection of historical styles.
Kent Lansing, a member of the board formed to build a luxury hotel on Central Park South, wants Roark and fights for him. Rand rewrote it, transforming the rivals into architects. Roark helps Keating in his design work.
Keating takes a job with the firm of Guy Francon, a powerful and influential architect who believes in copying classic buildings. Scarret clings to Wynand out of habit and inertia.
He embodies a different type of conformity than Francon, who adheres to the Classical school of design. He will be destroyed, just as Cameron was. He refuses to use his relationship with Halsey to gain influence with Toohey.
Eighteen months later, the Wynand Building is under construction. Read an in-depth analysis of Gail Wynand. After his work on the Stoddard Temple, although still suffering from moments of despair, Mallory never again reaches the depths of torment he is in when Roark meets him. As a man willing to give the public anything it wants, no matter how vulgar or inane, Snyte represents conformity in yet another form.
Roark notices from her questions that she is still concerned with other people and their ability to hurt — or even observe — him.
He encourages selflessness and altruism to coax others into submission. Francon makes him partner. Initial sales were slow, but they began to rise in latedriven primarily by word of mouth.
She called Rand "a traitor to her own sex". Given her values, Dominique must love Roark and everything about the human potential that he represents. The film would have ended with Kane standing atop the completed skyscraper.Howard Roark The hero of the story. It is his struggle to succeed as an architect on his own terms that forms the essence of the novel's conflict.
His independent functioning serves as a standard by which to judge the other characters — either they are like Roark or they allow others, in one form or another, to control their lives.
The Fountainhead is a novel by Russian-American author Ayn Rand, her first major literary success. The novel's protagonist, Howard Roark, is an individualistic young architect who designs modernist buildings and refuses to compromise with an architectural establishment unwilling to.
A short summary of Ayn Rand's The Fountainhead. This free synopsis covers all the crucial plot points of The Fountainhead. The novel's climax brings to resolution the struggles of all five of the major characters. Roark sees his ideas finally winning in the field of architecture. After decades of the battle that he and Cameron fought, their new methods are ultimately gaining recognition.
A list of all the characters in The Fountainhead. The The Fountainhead characters covered include: Howard Roark, Ellsworth Toohey, Dominique Francon, Gail Wynand, Peter Keating, Henry Cameron, Catherine Halsey, Guy Francon, Stephen Mallory, Alvah.
The Fountainhead study guide contains a biography of Ayn Rand, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
About The Fountainhead The Fountainhead Summary.Download