The large amount of energy goes into making several things happen: These craters are, however, decidedly not impact structures. Crater experiment coursework the cocoa into the flour. Two teams have discovered that balls dropped into sand and other granular matter form craters remarkably similar to those on the moon.
Measure the diameter of the first crater by measuring the distance across the center of the depression Crater experiment coursework Crater experiment coursework flour, as shown in Figure 4. Two teams found they could learn about the formation of lunar craters above by making their own craters in the lab.
Meteorites move at different speeds through space, depending upon many factors, like the origin, size, or composition of the meteorite. During this stage, loose debris from the impact will tend to slide down the steep crater walls.
On relieving of pressure, there is an elastic rebound at the crater floor now hosting a layer of brecciated rocks.
When the meteor falls, what do you think it will do to the surface? Scientists estimate that this impact event occurred Crater experiment coursework 50, years ago—long before there were humans living in the area.
There is no other reasonable explanation for the occurrence of such a peculiar structure at the bottom of the glacial Lake Chiemsee. The trick to this experiment is to find similarly sized, but differently weighted objects to use as meteorites.
Modeling with different target materials leads to these different possible scenarios. Can this information be used to predict the surface properties of other planets? Will the size of the crater change as you drop the object from a higher distance? Note the remarkable difference to the crater-projectile ratio in Fig.
On the left axis y-axisplot the average diameter of the crater in cmand on the bottom axis x-axisplot the diameter of the meteorite in cm. Some or all of this ejecta will land in the area surrounding the crater, forming an ejecta "blanket. That force is usually enough to move a lot more dirt than the size of the meteorite itself: The team also showed that their crater structures were very similar to lunar craters.
Be very careful not to disturb the flour and cocoa with your ruler, by breathing too hard, or by shaking the box. Since so much energy is used in compression, there is less available for excavation, and results in a much smaller diameter crater than expected.
Since it is impossible to simulate this impact completely on Earth, it is impossible to be absolutely certain what will happen. The compression stage of the crater formation is over so fast for the Deep Impact collision that it is very unlikely that there will be any data gathered from that, although the brightness of the flash may provide information about the surface materials.
They dropped balls into sand and other granular materials.
Sometimes, impact structures are distinguished from impact craters by their weak morphological signature compared with a true crater. The flour should be a depth of at least 5 cm in your box. What will we learn from how the crater forms?The trick to this experiment is to find similarly sized, but differently weighted objects to use as meteorites.
How does the impact of a crater change in different types of surface material? You can do an experiment using different types of material, like sand, cornmeal, clay, dirt, ash, salt, etc.
- Crater Lake Crater Lake is located at southwestern off Highway 62 in Oregon. It is Oregon?s only national park. It is the deepest lake in the United States and is the seventh deepest in the world. Make Craters with Mini-Meteors. Bring Science Home: Activity By Katherine Harmon on May 16, ; Share on Facebook.
Share on Twitter. The surface of the moon is full of jagged craters. Jul 13, · Learn how to build the Flour Crater in Experiment #12 of the Space Exploration kit!
Understanding the Impact Cratering Process: a Simple Approach At some time in their life nearly every girl, boy (and adult) has thrown pebbles or cobbles into mud and watched nice round form.
The force of the impacts create circular structures with raised rimmed wall; spatters of mud and smaller circular secondary craters may be seen (Fig. 1).
craters and apply this knowledge to hypothesize the results of an experiment. • Explain: The students will peer share their hypotheses and provide supporting details for the predictions.Download