State Department Office of the Historian. Involvement in the Vietnam War: Just before 9 p. Then, on August 4, the Maddox and Turner Joy reported that they had been ambushed, with enemy boats firing 22 torpedoes at them.
No actual visual sightings by Maddox. In three young Norwegian skippers traveled on a mission in South Vietnam. He stated that Maddox had been "carrying out a routine mission of the type we carry out all over the world at all times" and denied that it had been in any way involved in South Vietnamese patrol boat raids on the offshore islands of Hon Me and Hon Nieu on the nights of July 30 and July With the help of F-8 Crusader jets dispatched from a nearby aircraft carrier, the Maddox badly damaged at least one of the North Vietnamese boats while emerging completely unscathed, except for a single bullet that lodged in its superstructure.
The Vietnam War was the longest, costliest, and most controversial war in U. The three skippers did not know who Meyer really was when they agreed to a job that involved them in sabotage missions against North Vietnam.
On August 7,Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, authorizing President Johnson to take any measures he believed were necessary to retaliate and to promote the maintenance of international peace and security in southeast Asia.
Congress for permission to defend U. The United States, however, was dedicated to containing the spread of communist regimes and, invoking the charter of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organizationsupported the South Vietnamese leader, Ngo Dinh Diem, when he refused to hold the elections.
At about G, Maddox fired three rounds to warn off the communist boats. Suggest thorough reconnaissance in daylight by aircraft. In fact, Herrick was now saying, in a message sent at 1: Throughout these hectic few days, the Johnson administration asserted that the destroyers had been on routine patrol in international waters.
Herrickhad changed his mind about the alleged North Vietnamese torpedo attack on U. Secretary of Defense Robert S. After suppressing Vietminh political cadres who were legally campaigning between and for the promised elections, Diem faced a growing communist-led uprising that intensified byheaded by the National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam NLF, or Viet Cong.
With the time in the U. The results of those discussions became apparent a few months later. Operation Rolling Thunder commenced on February 13, and continued through the spring of Diem held control of the South Vietnamese Government, but he could not halt the communist infiltration of the South.
It was later revealed that the federal government had drafted the Tonkin Gulf Resolution fully six months before the attacks on the U.The Tonkin Gulf Resolution, essentially unchallenged by a Congress that believed it was an appropriate response to unprovoked, aggressive, and deliberate attacks on U.S.
vessels on the high seas, would open the floodgates for direct American military involvement in Vietnam.
gulf of tonkin resolution The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution was a joint resolution of the U.S. Congress passed on August 7, in direct response to a minor naval engagement known as the Gulf of Tonkin Incident.
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution: Survey of the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, U.S. congressional response to the North Vietnamese attack on U.S.
Navy ships in the South China Sea. The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution authorized President Lyndon Johnson to “take all necessary measures to repel any armed attack against the forces of the United States and to prevent further.
TONKIN GULF RESOLUTIONIn August Congress passed the Tonkin Gulf Resolution (78 Stat. ), approving and supporting President Lyndon B. Johnson's determination to repel any armed attack against U.S. forces in Southeast Asia .
The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution or the Southeast Asia Resolution, Pub.L. 88–, 78 Stat.
enacted August 10,was a joint resolution that the United States Congress passed on August 7,in response to the Gulf of Tonkin incident. It is of historical significance because it gave U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson authorization, without a formal declaration of war by Congress, for Enacted by: the 88th United States Congress.Download